The British Museum of London was established in the year 1753 261 years ago and is ranked 1st nationally in the United Kingdom and 3rd globally. Located near Great Russell Street, London, United Kingdom. The present Architectural style resembles the Greek revival and the architects who were involved in this magnificent structure were Robert Smirke, John Russell Pope, Spencer de Grey, Sydney Smirke, John James Burnet, John Taylor. There are approximately eight Million works housed which originates from all continents, illustrating and documenting human culture from its beginnings to the present in the Museum that had almost 6.8 million visitors by the year end of 2013.
The Early Collection
The founder of the British Museum London was sir Hans Sloane who was an Irish physician and collector gathered an enviable collection of Wunderkammer or cabinet of curiosities which he did not want to be broken apart after his death, so, he bequeathed all his collection to King George II for a some of £20,000. Sloane altogether had 71,000 collectables which included objects of different varieties and kinds like 40,000 printed books, 700 manuscripts, 337 volumes of dried prints, drawings and plants which includes Albrecht Dürer and antiques from Greece, Rome, Egypt, Ancient Near and Far east and the Americas.
What will you Find here?
Department of Ancient Egypt and Sudan
With over 100,000 pieces of the all-inclusive and the most largest collection of egyptian antiquities outside the museum of Cairo is housed in the British museum at London. The collection includes an immense importance of Sudan and Egypt which illustrates the cultures of Nile Valley, the Predynastic Neolithic Period of 10,000 BC and the Coptic times of the 12th Century AD with a complete time span of 11,000 years were a part of the museum since the very foundation in 1753 which included 160 egyptian objects from Sir Hans Sloane but as of the present the size of the Egyptian is over 110,000 objects and in 2001 was expanded by the addition of 6 million objects which forms the museums permanent collection.
Department of Greece and Rome
Having 100,000 objects from the Classic age ranges about 3200 BC of the Greek Bronze age to the Roman Emperor Constantine I in the 4th century AD. It is the world’s largest collection of antiquities. The London British Museum includes Cycladic, Mycenaean and Minoan cultures, the sculpture from Parthenon in Athens, the elements of the seven wonders of the ancient world that are the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus and the temple of Artemis at Ephesos along with ancient jewellery and bronze articles, Roman glass and silver and Greek vases with the widest range of extensive groups of material from Cyprus, Italic and Etruscan antiquities.
Department of the Middle East
All artifacts numbering some 330,000 works is by far the world’s most important and largest collection of Mesopotamia outside of Iraq, holdings of Assyrian, Babylonian and Sumerian antiques, the important sites in between rivers Tigris and Euphrates and the biblical cities of Nimrud Nineveh and Khorsabad.
Department of Prints and Drawings
With an approximate of 50,000 drawings and over 2 million prints the collection of drawings date back since the period of 14th century to the present. The paintings and drawings includes works of the highest quality by leading artists of European schools.
Department of Prehistory and Europe
The British Museum at London houses some of the earliest artifacts made by two million years ago with the archaeology and art of Europe from the ancient times to the present with the history of Britain under the occupation of the Roman empire and national collection of horology. Extending from Spain to the Black Sea and from Scandinavia to North Africa covering collections from the period of AD 300 to AD 1100.
Department of Asia
The museum houses an extremely broad collection of over 75,000 artifacts of material culture of the whole asian continent and the Neolithic period to the present day.
Department of Africa, Oceania and the Americas
The three galleries that are permanent provide more than 350,000 artifacts that is 2 million years and is the worlds largest comprehensive collection of Ethnographic materials from Oceania, Africa and Americas of indigenous people all around the world which speaks about the history of man of the three major continents of rich and diverse cultures that will completely fascinate you.
Department of Coins and Medals
From the origins in the 7th century BC to the present the British Museum London is the home of the world’s finest numismatic collections of a million objects. On display you will find approximately 9,000 coins, banknotes and medals.
Department of Conservation and Scientific Research
Founded in the year 1920 this department comprises of 6 specialist areas: metals, Organic materials including textiles, stone, wall painting/mosaics, glass/ceramics, Eastern and Western pictorial art. For identifying the techniques used in the creation of the objects and its place the department develops expertise techniques to analyze and date them.
Libraries and Archives
Dated from the foundations in the year 1753 the general museum archives are overseen in the department that covers all levels from casuals visitors, schools, degree level education and many more. The Libraries and Archives covers all the areas of the museum’s collection about 350,000 journals, books and pamphlets.
Great Russell St,